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January 26, 2012     The Adams County Record
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Page 10 Wednesday, January 25, 2012 The Adams County Record' Are the Wolves Here Now a jr_ ,[fferent Species From the Original Wolves "fhc ,t Were Here? by Dale Flsk days, these different- back to where it used to that were here were like. were located around the Even larger wolves have" A lot of people are colored black bears were be in Idaho because it I have not been able, region, been recorded outside of I saying that the wolves classified as different doesn't exist anymore." so far, to find anyone As for the size of the America. that are now in Adams subspecies of black But the U.S. Fish & with historical data on wolves that are here now. This article is part! County are an entirely bears. Wildlife Service came as things like how much the experts are telling of an ongoing effort to, different wolf than was Nowadays, because close as they could to the old Adams County me that most wolves help us understand: here a hundred years of advances in science, that geneticgrocerystore wolves weighed. There in our area generally public land issues. I'11 ago---the point being especially DNA testing, idea. Curt Mack, Rare are records from old weigh 120 to 125 lbs. have more in the comingl that the new wolves are more taxonomists are Species Coordinator journals, etc. that I've heard that a huge weeks. much bigger and more "lumpers" in that they for the Nez Perce Tribe describe the physical wolf out of Alaska might If you have questions,i ferocious predators, lump those previous Wildlife Program. said: characteristics of those go as high as 135 lbs. please send them to me.: All of the wolves in subspecies as one 'rhe reason that the Fish wolves, but few. if The heaviest wolf ever If you have information.: the. U.S. are the same species. This applies & Wildlife Service went any, reliable recorded killed in the U.S. was please send it or let me species: Canis lupus. In to wolves as well. and to the areas of Canada weights. There is some shot in Alaska in 1939 know where to find it. the eastern U.S. they some people argue about that they did to capture info about where wolves and weighed 174.68 lbs. are commonly called whether the Gray Wolves wolves to release here "Timber Wolves." and that were brought down in Idaho and Montana in the West they are here from Canada are was precisely because called "Gray Wolves," a separate subspecies they were genetically and occasionally, from Timber Wolves similar animals. So "Prairie Wolves." As found in the eastern we've already thought with any species, when U.S.. or from the ones about that. and we they reproduce over a that were here before captured ones that were long period of time in they were wiped out. as genetically similar to one area, the wolves There are only two the ones that were here in that area develop types of wolves in the as possible." characteristics unique U.S. that are different Mack added: "The to that location and enough from each science is just really environment. When other to be classified clear on this wolf issue those differences are as separate subspecies: that these wolves are significant enough, that Gray Wolves and Red genetically the same species is divided into Wolves. Red Wolves wolves that were here "subspecies." have never lived here. previously. If you read Bears are a classic Their range is along the the scientific literature, example of this eastern seaboard and there are people who subspecies distinction, slightly inland in the specialize in taxonomy Kodiak Brown Bears and swamps of the south, of wolves, and I think Grizzly Bears are the So, are the wolves here there's just no question same species, but are now a different species about it. But people different enough from from the ones that were don't like that answer." each other to be their here historically? No. About those who say own subspecies. Brown Are they a different these are different Bears are bigger than subspecies? No. Are wolves than the ones grizzlies, mostly because they different in some we had here, "Where they evolved (genetically way from those wolves is their data source developed) in an that our grandfathers from? Ask them m cite environment that had a exterminated? Maybe. As something. And they concentrated abundance Council Ranger District can't, because they're of salmon to eat. and the Wildlife Biologist. Jon just making It up." fact that the larger bears Almack. put it. "You If there is any room to in the population tend to can't go to the wolf quibble, it might be in do most of the breeding, grocery store and pick the scarcity of historical So, over time, the entire up wolves with genetic information from which population has a larger type '35-A' and bring it to verify what the wolves body size than inland grizzlies. (There are other factors stemming from the salmon situation that are too complex to go into here.) Inland grizzlies, evolved where food was not as oerty abundant, and are smaller on average. A similar principle made Americans bigger, taller people than in some other parts of the world. In fact, we're bigger than our American great grandparents because we grew up in a different environment. Taxonomists---the people who designate and name species and how they are related--- have not always agreed on the line between species and subspecies. They were, and to some extent still are, called "splitters" and "lumpers." Splitters split species into many subspecies, based on the different characteristics of each group. Lumpers tend to lump animals into the same species, even if those animals have variations of physical traits. Back in the mid 1800s to early 1900s taxonomists were mostly splitters. This led to situations like in the state of Washington where the splitters split the grizzlies there into a dozen different subspecies. They didn't have DNA testing back then of course, and they were going on the variation of characteristics like size and color. Just as an interesting side note, you may have noticed that American Black Bears, which are the same species, can be darker or lighter. There color depends on a combination of their environment and their genetics. In an area where there are fewer trees and less shade cover, they tend to be more blond or reddish in color. This is noticeable in the Snake River/ Seven Devils area. They tend to be more solid black in more heavily forested areas. To some extent, bleaching by sunlight can augment light coloring, but it is also due to genetic factors. So in the old Patient Assistance Foundation Receives Status ACHC Patient Assistance Foundation board members from left to right: Pastor Geoff Cole. Sherry Jenkins. Gene Shoup, Janet Meyer. Dr. Doug Linford. Laura Camp. by Goeff Cole the Internal Revenue seeks to assist the unin- Thanks to the dill- Service. This will allow sured and underinsured gent evening efforts of the Foundation to accept patients of the Adams board member Gene donations and apply County Health Center by Shoup, The Adams for grant monies as a providing financial assis- County Health .Center non-profit entity and tance for health care Patient Assistance qualify it to receive tax- after the patient has Foundation has applied deductible bequests and exhausted all other mea- for and received 501 (c)(3) gifts. The ACHC Patient sures of financial means. non-profit status from ASsistance Foundation LG Saber TM LG Exchange TM FREE FREE $3999 $59 9 NO CONTRAcTANDROID tttet + wtreless For store locations, visit allteiwireless.com/storelocator or call 1-8OO-alitel-1 + SUBJECT TO ALLTEL TERMS & CONDITIONS; see store or olltelwireless.com. Qualifying 2-year plan required unless "no contract" plan selected Verizon rate plan information was sourced online as of 1/9/12. Data plans required for srnartphones $25 non-refundable act vat on fee and poss b e $200 ear y termination fee applies per each ne See rebate cert f eate for details. Prices for limited t me and wh le supplies last. Taxes & government charges apply. We charge you a REGULATORY COST RECOVERY CHARGE of up to $2.19/rno to help us defray our cost of compliance w th government regulat one and offset charges to us this is neither a tax nor requ red by government. Restrictions a pply to prepaid and business customers, Screen images simulated. All product & service marks referenced are the names, trade names, trademarks & loges of their respective owners. Android is a trademark of Google Inc. Use of this trademark is subject to Google Permissions. 2012 AWCC; all rights reserved. 100451