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June 5, 2013     The Adams County Record
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The Adams County Record The History Corner Levi Allen Wednesday, June 5, 2013 Part III Page 7 By Dale Fisk -- 253-4582 Winifred Lindsay said the Levi Allen expedition, after leaving the Snake River, traveled far to the east before coming back to the Seven Devils area: "The perpendicular walls of the canyon soon made further progress up the river a hazard so they climbed the high snow-covered ridge whose eastern slopes dropped towards the Little Salmon river, where after several days, they were again on bare ground and in more favorable hiking condi- tions. Following the Little Salmon to its source, they passed through broad meadows (Meadows Valley) and climbed over a low ridge to find a large lake (Payette) drained by a rushing torrent which they followed for several days until they reached a big bend in the river (Horseshoe Bend). Here they paused for a week's rest in order to rearrange their packs, mend shoes and to make "jerky"; this important food for the traveler was made by dry- ing thin strips of venison which could be easily packed without spoiling." "It had been three months since they had seen a white man and two months since they had left their companions on the Snake. Not a day had gone by without using their gold-pans, but the gravel had yielded no reward. With reports of the fabu- lous wealth of the near-by Florence diggings so fresh in their minds, none had given up hope. Had they but known it, they were now less that twenty miles from the undiscovered Idaho Basin which was to prove to be one of the rich gold strikes of the United States." At this point in Miens account, he said: "We had been out about two months, and we could not agree on the route we should travel. Our trouble started first at Lewiston. The boys got some of Lewiston's forty rod whis- key and it made trouble." Forty-rod whiskey is whiskey so strong it sup- posedly has the power to kill at that distance. Allen related the conflict at Lewiston: "It was my turn to sleep on the boat: We were camped about a mile above Lewiston on the Snake River. The boys came in about one o'clock in the morning full of forty rod whiskey, and I Could hear them talking. They proposed to take out their proportion of the out- fit and sell it in Lewiston. There were two of us on the boat that night, and we talked it over." "We had a late break- fast the next morning, and they told what they want- ed to do. I told them that would compel the balance of us to sell, as we could not handle the boat alone. I told them if they wanted to pull out of the company, all right, but not a pound of provision should go with them. As they found out there was no way out of it, they decided to stay with the boat." "We never saw a white man for over three months. At Horseshoe Bend I got tired of this grumbling. I told them that I would pull out alone. I would take enough provi- sions to take me back to camp on the Snake River. One man said he would go with me. We took the back track, and the second day we all came together they had followed us up -- and the third night we all camped together again." Lindsay continued the story: "They had been living well, for fish and game were plentiful, and it was the mushroom season. laey retraced their tracks to the broad meadows at the head of the Little Sallmon, and hoping to find a shorter route back to their comrades, they followed a ridge that led The date of this photo is unknown, but it must be about 1910, someplace in the Seven Devils Mining District. Left to right: Unknown, Mildred Brown, __James, Della Shaw, Winifred Brown (Lindsay). I just realized, the museum doesn't have a good picture of Winifred Lindsay. If anyone has one, please let me know. north-west towards the Snake river. This ridge led to the most pronounced peak in that area (Smith Mountain) and, following the natural contours of the ridges above the timber line, they reached the west side of the highest peak of the Snake River Canyon (White Monument). Here they could see for hun- dreds of miles and knew about where their base camp was located. The snow-capped Cornucopia peaks loomed in front of them, and they recognized the Blue Mountains to the north-west where they had been logging; and far below, at the bottom of the deepest and narrowest canyon in the U. S. glinted the waters of the Snake River." "Camping spots were never a problem, for, even at that giddy height, every little gully produced a stream of clear cold water. It was the first of July 1862 when they camped by a spring, the head-waters of Copper Creek but not until morning did they explore their surroundings. This was the first time Allen first saw what seemed like a gigantic, turquoise neck- lace glistening in the early morning light. He was excited. He called his men, and they all went down to inspect the out-cropping which was unlike anything that they had ever seen. Vivid peacock-hued rock, a ledge a yard wide and a hundred yards long bore no signs of gold, and Allen states that the men wer.e not interested because, whatever it was, was too far from transportation. Allen prevailed upon them to help him locate the claim, and because of the colors, he called his claim 'the Peacock.' This marks the beginning of the Seven Devils Mining History" To be continued Garden Corner How to grow tomatoes By Myrna Weikal -- 355-5829 - mweikal@mtecom.net How's your garden doing? We were gone over the weekend and things really grew while we were away, including the weeds. I am not going to spend my morning in front of the computer when there's a garden beckoning out there, so l'm going to make this quick. One of the things people will ask when comparing gardens is, "Can you grow tomatoes?" Tomato pro- duction seems to be a sort of a standard by which gar- dens are measured. Here in the upper country toma- toes do very well, if you don't try to put them out too early - a painful les- son learned by those who lost their plants to the last frost - since they really don't grow much if the air and soil are still cool. Repot them if they show roots coming out the bottom of the current container, and when you transplant them bury them up to the low- est set of leaves. Roots will grow out of the buried stem. Once you are ready to put them in the garden there are some things to remember to ensure suc- cess. Here are a couple tips I have learned over the years, adapted for our area: 1. Give them plenty of air circulation. Don't plant your tomatoes too close together. This means knowing how big they are going to get by harvest time. Indeterminate plants need LOTS of room. 2. They need sunshine, and plenty of it, 10 hours a day at least, and they can take the heat of the hot- tet part of summer as long as. you give them plenty of water (see #5) 3. Rotate your crop to reduce the chances of soil-borne diseases. Don't pEant tobacco anywhere near tomatoes or potatoes. If you smoke, quit or you will kill your tomato plants. I'm kidding about that part. Sort of. Tobacco mosaic virus can infect tomatoes, potatoes and peppers, and to a lesser extent melons and cucumbers. There is no effective treatment. It is often found in cigars, cigarettes and pipe tobacco, and can be spread from your hands if you smoke. It may not kill everything, but it will make a mess of your garden and you will never be able to get rid of it. 4. Tomato hom worms can be 90% eliminated by fall tilling. 5. Water deeply. Water the soil, not the leaves. Allow the soil to dry a bit VRS AUTO GLASS VALLEY REPAIRS & SERVICES Windshield Repairs & Reolaoements Most Comprehensive Insurance , pays 100% of Chip Repair Brian & Cyndi Dunham Bauo *Indian Valley, Idaho i 19Ol F_ Chico, CaldwelI, Idaho - 208-459-7475or call Cdy JeIen 208" 631- 938 Toll Free 1-800-788-449 (208) 256-4315 ,, between watering, as you do not want them to be water-logge d . When the fruits start to ripen you can cut back on the amount of water you give them. 6. Stake them or cage them. The ironic thing is that "free-range" tomatoes will produce half-again as much more produce, but they will be so hard to get to that you will only har- vest a quarter as much. 7. Some heirloom variet- ies taste better if picked just before they are fully ripe. They tend to get mealy if left on the vine too long. 8. Cat-facing is caused by incomplete pollination, usually because of cool weather. You might see it on the first ripe tomatoes, but then the rest will be okay. 9. Try adding calcium in the form of bon.e meal or egg shells to the ground before transplanting, along with your usual garden fer- tilizer. Don't fertilize again until the plants start to flower, or they will grow too much foliage. 10. There is conflicting information about whether to remove suckers or not. Suit yourself -it doesn't matter enough to produc- tion to worry about it. Council Food & Fuel ,,217 Michigan (Hwy 95) Council 253-0093 Stop by and soy "Hi" to Mike, Terry, Melisso, Stormi, Uthano, and Saroh.